How to Install Linux (Ubuntu) in easy steps

If you are going to install Linux for the first time, or you have installed Linux before and want to install Ubuntu this time. This is going to be the perfect guide for you. We will take you through all the required steps to install it properly on your system.

Requirements for Linux Installation

  • A Windows or Mac Computer
  • Virtual Box – (Software required to install Linux without affecting your existing Operating System)

virtual box download
  • Ubuntu ISOdownloading ubuntu iso image

    That’s all you need now, you are ready to begin the installation of Ubuntu Linux.

    Installing Virtual Box

    Install Virtual Box as you install any other program on your computer (Hit next, yes, accept, install). Stay with the default settings (change them only if you know what you’re doing) and wait for the installation to finish.

    installing vitual box
    Once installed, you can now set up the machine for Ubuntu.

    Setting Up the Linux Installation

    1. At the top-left click the new button.

    creating a new virtual machine
    2. Type name: “Ubuntu” in the popup window so that the virtual box knows that we are going to install a Ubuntu Linux and hit Next.
    naming and specifying the system as ubuntu 64-bit
    3. Now in this windows specify the amount of RAM you want to give to Ubuntu. I would recommend giving half the amount of RAM you have in your system (somewhere around 2048-4096MB will be enough for it). You can always increase or decrease the amount later if you want.
    configuring ram amount for ubuntu
    4. Select Create a virtual hard disk now and click Create.
    creating a new hard disk

    5. Select VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and hit Next.
    selecting hard disk file type

    6. This window will ask if you want a dynamically allocated or fixed size hard disk. Recommended is dynamically allocated (so that it grows in size when the user needs more space rather than taking the full space instantly). Hit Next to confirm.
    selecting the hard disk type
    7. Now specify the hard disk size you want to give Ubuntu (Recommended is 20-30GB) and hit Create.
    setting up the storage space for ubuntu linux installation

    Finally: Installing Ubuntu Linux

    Now, its time for the final most important part of installing our Linux Operation System
    1. If you have followed the previous steps properly, you will have a window similar to the image below. Hit Start to begin.

    starting the virtual ubuntu linux machine
    2. A pop up with a window will show up asking you to select a startup disk. Click the folder icon.
    adding the linux installation disk

    3. Select the ubuntu file in your Downloads folder and open it.
    selecting the ubuntu linux installation disk

    4. Hit Start.
    booting up the ubuntu linux installation disk

    5. Once the disk boots up (10-15sec), you will be asked whether to try or install Ubuntu. Click on Install Ubuntu.
    ubuntu linux installation begins
    6. Select your keyboard layout and click Continue.
    keyboard layout configuration

    7. Select the Normal installation option (you can go with Minimal installation if you don’t like pre-installed softwares in your system) and click on Continue.
    software and update configuration for ubuntu linux installation
    8. You will be asked to select the Installation type this time. Select Erase disk and install Ubuntu (don’t worry it will only erase the disk you created in the 7th step of setting up the installation) and hit Install Now.
    installation type configuration for ubuntu linux installation
    9. Click Continue to confirm the changes.
    disk change confirmation dialog

    10. Select your time zone from the map (you don’t really need to if you’re connected to the internet) and click Continue.
    time zone setup

    11. You have to fill out some basic information (like filling a signup form) and click continue. Anyways just remember the password.
    setting up user for ubuntu linux installation

    12. Now grab a cup of coffee and wait for 5-10 minutes for the installation to be finished.
    ongoing Ubuntu linux installation

    13. Once the installation is completed you will be asked to Restart the system. Before that, you need to remove the installation startup disk (you selected in the 2-3rd step)(so that when the machine gets restarted it do not begin the installation again). In the main menu navigate to Devices > Optical Devices and select Remove disk from virtual drive or Host Drive ‘x:’ (any one will work). Hit Restart Now.
    installation complete and restart dialog

    removing ubuntu disk from virtual drive
    14. Now you have successfully installed Ubuntu Linux in your system. Wait for the login screen to come up. Enter your password and sign in to your system.
    ubuntu login screen

    15. Go through the welcome screen and you can now enjoy your Ubuntu Linux experience. Tell me in the comments if you’ve faced any difficulty following the steps.
    ubuntu linux installed desktop

    Learn Practice Repeat!

    Once you have successfully installed the Ubuntu Linux and feel confident about it. We encourage you to install another Linux distribution of your choice (I recommend Linux Mint) for more practice. Comment down below how it goes for you.


    Final words!

    If you are getting any error or warning during the installation just remember that everything is hardest the first time you do it. We encourage you to post a comment below and we will definitely reply to your concerned issue. Also, the solution to some common issues is just a google search away.
    Happy installing! and keep learning!


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